Where The Rain Falls
Field research was conducted in eight countries (Bangladesh, India, Guatemala, Peru, Ghana, Tanzania, Thailand and Vietnam). Aiming at answering the question: Under what circumstances do households use migration as a risk management strategy in response to increasing rainfall variability and food insecurity? The research used the following methods:
- Participatory Research Approach (12 PRA tools used, including a range of mapping, diagrams, focus group discussions and other group exercises);
- Household survey (a total of more than 1,300 surveys completed across the eight countries);
- Interviews with experts from governmental and non-governmental organizations, scholars and other experts, as well as problem-centered in-depth interviews with experts on the topic of rainfall variability, food and livelihood security, and human mobility;
- Local and global observation systems covering rainfalls variability
UNU-EHS is also using household survey data to undertake agent-based modeling using the Tanzania research site as a test case to address the scenarios under which rainfall variability and food security may become significant drivers of human mobility in the medium (2015-2030) and long-term (2030-2080).
Finally, CIESIN at Columbia University developed maps for the project to put the research results on migration in the context of local agro-ecosystems, natural resources, and rainfall variability.
Drawing on the Global Policy Report and country Case Study Reports produced by the project, CARE and UNU staff have undertaken a wide range of advocacy activities to share our research findings with national and international policymakers and practitioners. Research results were publicly launched at a side event at COP18 in Doha in December 2012, after which national advocacy workshops were held in each research country. Key outreach events in 2012 and 2013 included presentations by CARE and UNU staff in Paris, Dhaka (CBA7), and Washington. DC (Wilson Center).
CARE has further leveraged the project’s research to work with colleagues to launch community-based adaptation projects in Peru, Tanzania, India, and Thailand in late 2012 and early 2013. These projects, developed in collaboration with local communities, focus on “best-bet” adaptation interventions in the areas of sustainable agriculture and integrated water resources management. Since putting research into practice is a priority for CARE, significant efforts are being devoted to developing long-term climate change adaptation efforts in these and other Where the Rain Falls countries, with support from the AXA Group and other donors.